Original Research

Pregnancy-related anxiety symptoms and associated factors amongst pregnant women attending a tertiary hospital in south-west Nigeria

Adesanmi Akinsulore, Akinfenwa M. Temidayo, Ibidunni O. Oloniniyi, Badejoko O. Olalekan, Oladimeji B. Yetunde
South African Journal of Psychiatry | Vol 27 | a1616 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajpsychiatry.v27i0.1616 | © 2021 Adesanmi Akinsulore, Akinfenwa M. Temidayo, Ibidunni O. Oloniniyi, Badejoko O. Olalekan, Oladimeji B. Yetunde | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 28 August 2020 | Published: 19 March 2021

About the author(s)

Adesanmi Akinsulore, Department of Mental Health, Faculty of Clinical Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ife-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria
Akinfenwa M. Temidayo, Department of Mental Health, Faculty of Clinical Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ife-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria
Ibidunni O. Oloniniyi, Department of Mental Health, Faculty of Clinical Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ife-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria
Badejoko O. Olalekan, Department of Obstetrics, Gynaecology and Perimatology, Faculty of Clinical Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ife-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria
Oladimeji B. Yetunde, Department of Mental Health, Faculty of Clinical Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ife-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria


Share this article

Bookmark and Share

Abstract

Background: Pregnancy can be associated with anxiety symptoms because of anticipated uncertainty.

Aim: This study investigated pregnancy-related anxiety symptoms (PRASs) and their associated factors amongst pregnant women.

Setting: Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex, Ile-Ife, Nigeria.

Methods: This cross-sectional survey involved 230 pregnant women attending antenatal clinic at a tertiary teaching hospital in Nigeria. Pregnancy-related anxiety symptoms, maternal worries, personality traits and social support were measured by using Perinatal Anxiety Screening Scale (PASS), Cambridge Worry Scale (CWS), Big Five Personality Inventory (BFI-10) and Maternal Social Support Scale (MSSS) respectively. Socio-demographic and obstetric details were also obtained. The Chi-square, t-test and logistic regression were used.

Results: Respondents’ mean age was 28.2 ± 5.4 years, whilst 192 (83.5%) were of Yoruba ethnicity. Twenty-four respondents (10.4%) were in the first trimester, 85 (37.0%) in the second and 121 (52.6%) in the third trimester. Some 154 (67.0%) were parous. The prevalence of PRAS and major maternal worries were 43.5% and 55.7% respectively. The socio-demographic factors significantly associated with PRAS were age (p = 0.004), ethnicity (p = 0.001), educational level (p = 0.011) and living arrangement (p = 0.029). Associated obstetric factors include trimester (p = 0.01), hypertension (p = 0.006), past miscarriage(s) (p = 0.013) and past pregnancy complication (p = 0.030). Significant psychosocial factors were partner social support (p = 0.038), maternal worries (p < 0.001) and extraversion (p = 0.016). Factors that contributed significantly to regression models were older maternal age and socio-medical worries.

Conclusion: High level of PRAS and major maternal worries were common amongst antenatal clinic attendees of a tertiary teaching hospital in Nigeria. Older maternal age and socio-medical maternal worries are important predictors of PRAS.


Keywords

pregnancy; anxiety; women; gynaecology; Nigeria

Metrics

Total abstract views: 312
Total article views: 173


Crossref Citations

No related citations found.