Original Research

Effectiveness of cognitive behavioural therapy and social skills training in management of conduct disorder

Daniel O. Kumuyi, Ebenezer O. Akinnawo, Bede C. Akpunne, Aderonke A. Akintola, Deborah F. Onisile, Onyeka O. Aniemeka
South African Journal of Psychiatry | Vol 28 | a1737 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajpsychiatry.v28i0.1737 | © 2022 Daniel O. Kumuyi, Ebenezer O. Akinnawo, Bede C. Akpunne, Aderonke A. Akintola, Deborah F. Onisile, Onyeka O. Aniemeka | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 14 May 2021 | Published: 22 July 2022

About the author(s)

Daniel O. Kumuyi, Department of Behavioural Studies, Faculty of Social Sciences, Redeemer’s University, Ede, Osun State, Nigeria
Ebenezer O. Akinnawo, Department of Behavioural Studies, Faculty of Social Sciences, Redeemer’s University, Ede, Osun State, Nigeria
Bede C. Akpunne, Department of Behavioural Studies, Faculty of Social Sciences, Redeemer’s University, Ede, Osun State, Nigeria
Aderonke A. Akintola, Department of Behavioural Studies, Faculty of Social Sciences, Redeemer’s University, Ede, Osun State, Nigeria
Deborah F. Onisile, Department of Nursing Science, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, Redeemer’s University, Ede Osun State, Nigeria
Onyeka O. Aniemeka, Department of Behavioural Studies, Faculty of Social Sciences, Redeemer’s University, Ede, Osun State, Nigeria; and, Department of Psychology, Federal Neuropsychiatric Hospital Yaba, Lagos, Nigeria


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Abstract

Background: Conduct Disorder (CD) is a repetitive disruptive behaviour that violates the rights of others, manifests in rules violation, aggression, hostility, and deceitfulness and has assumed prominence in its association with juvenile offending and criminality in adulthood. Despite this knowledge, little research attention is given to ascertaining effective psychobehavioural interventions to manage this problem, especially amongst Nigerian adolescents.

Aim: This study examined the efficacy of two psychobehavioural strategies to manage CD amongst in-school adolescents in Ibadan, Nigeria.

Setting: Ibadan, Southwestern Nigeria.

Method: A randomised controlled trial (RCT) of adolescents with CD was performed. Sixteen participants (aged 12–17 years) who reported high CD from an assessment of 1006 in-school adolescents of selected secondary schools in Ibadan were randomly grouped to receive either cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), social skills training (SST) or combined CBT and SST. The Frequency of Delinquent Behaviour Scaling Instrument (FDBSI) was used for assessments.

Results: Significant reduction in CD was observed among participants exposed to CBT (t[6] = 8.510), p < 0.05) at 8 weeks, SST (t[6] = 12.728), p < 0.05) at 8 weeks, and combined CBT and SST (t[8] = 12.728, p < 0.05) at the 6 week mark of interventions respectively.

Conclusion: From the study, CBT and SST are effective in managing CD. However, the combined psychobehavioural intervention of CBT and SST was more effective in managing CD, based on a faster therapeutic effect than the independent psychobehavioural intervention of CBT and SST.


Keywords

cognitive behavioural therapy; social skill training; conduct disorder; adolescents; Nigeria

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