Original Research

Depression and quality of life among pregnant women in first and third trimesters in Abeokuta: A comparative study

Adetoun O. Soyemi, Oladipo A. Sowunmi, Sunday M. Amosu, Emmanuel O. Babalola
South African Journal of Psychiatry | Vol 28 | a1779 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajpsychiatry.v28i0.1779 | © 2022 Adetoun O. Soyemi, Oladipo A. Sowunmi, Sunday M. Amosu, Emmanuel O. Babalola | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 02 August 2021 | Published: 31 March 2022

About the author(s)

Adetoun O. Soyemi, Southwest Yorkshire NHS Trust, Wakefield, United Kingdom
Oladipo A. Sowunmi, Neuropsychiatric Hospital Aro, Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria
Sunday M. Amosu, Neuropsychiatric Hospital Aro, Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria
Emmanuel O. Babalola, Hywel Dda NHS Trust, Carmarthen, Wales, United Kingdom


Background: Pregnancy is a dynamic time during which a woman’s emotional state may undergo extensive change. There have been conflicting views about the magnitude of emotional turmoil that occurs during pregnancy. Some investigators suggest that pregnancy is a time of particularly good psychological adjustment; others have reported high levels of psychological challenge.

Aim: Our study aimed to compare the prevalence and correlates of depression in the first and third trimesters of pregnancy and to determine the relationship between quality of life and depressive disorder.

Setting: The antenatal clinic of the State Hospital, Ijaiye.

Method: A descriptive, comparative study of depressive disorder and the quality of life between first- and third-trimester pregnant women (confirmed through a pregnancy test and an abdominopelvic ultrasound).

Result: For each trimester, 285 participants were recruited. The prevalence of depression among the pregnant women who participated in the study was 7.2%. In the first trimester of pregnancy, the prevalence of depression was 30 (10.5%), while it was 11 (3.9%) in the third trimester of pregnancy. Collectively, the relationship between depression and QoL was significant in the overall domain, satisfaction with general health domain (t = 2.27; p = 0.03), psychological domain (t = 2.74; p = 0.010, and environmental domain (t = 4.57; p ≤ 0.01).

Conclusion: Our study also highlights the need to pay closer attention to the psychological well-being and quality of life of all pregnant women and not just on their physical health and the baby’s well-being.


depression; quality of life; pregnant women; mental health; psychological disorder; trimesters


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Crossref Citations

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doi: 10.34172/jech.2023.1938