Original Research

Kleine-Levin syndrome as a neuropsychiatric presentation: A case report and review

Anusha Lachman
South African Journal of Psychiatry | Vol 20, No 2 | a494 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajpsychiatry.v20i2.494 | © 2014 Anusha Lachman | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 10 September 2013 | Published: 30 July 2014

About the author(s)

Anusha Lachman, Tygerberg Hospital, Cape Town; Department of Psychiatry, Stellenbosch University, Tygerberg, Cape Town, South Africa, South Africa

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Abstract

Kleine-Levin syndrome (KLS) is a rare disorder characterised by hypersomnia, hyperphagia and behavioural disturbances. It typically occurs in adolescent men and may mimic a variety of neuropsychiatric conditions. Here we report what appears to be the first published case of KLS in South Africa and trace the clinical course, investigations and diagnostic difficulties encountered in the management of this condition. An overview of the literature guiding the diagnosis, differentials and treatment is discussed.

Keywords

Hypersomnia; Hyperphagia; Kleine-Levin syndrome; Behavioural disturbances

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Crossref Citations

1. De (neuro)psychiatrische symptomatologie bij het syndroom van Kleine-Levin: casusbeschrijving en literatuurstudie
J Braet, G. Everaert
Tijdschrift voor Geneeskunde  vol: 76  issue: 22  year: 2020  
doi: 10.47671/TVG.76.22.20.022