Original Research

Effects of personality traits on mindful self-care practices of healthcare workers

Iram Osman, Veena S. Singaram
South African Journal of Psychiatry | Vol 29 | a2019 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajpsychiatry.v29i0.2019 | © 2023 Iram Osman, Veena S. Singaram | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 01 November 2022 | Published: 29 March 2023

About the author(s)

Iram Osman, School of Clinical Medicine, College of Health Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa
Veena S. Singaram, School of Clinical Medicine, College of Health Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa

Abstract

Background: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) placed healthcare professionals (HCPs) at a higher risk for stress-related conditions. Implementing a brief online mindfulness-based intervention (MBI) was hypothesised to transform the HCPs’ ability to cope with stress by enhancing their self-care.

Aim: This study aimed to explore the impact of an online MBI on HCPs’ self-care practices and determine if personality traits were a moderating variable.

Setting: An online MBI was implemented for HCPs working in South Africa during the COVID-19 pandemic lockdowns.

Methods: A quantitative study design included a pre-assessment and post-assessment component, which allowed paired comparison and regression analysis to confer correlations. Data were collected via two validated instruments: the Mindful Self-Care scale-2018 and the Big Five Personality test.

Results: Forty-nine HCPs participated in the study. Significant improvements were found in all the major self-care subscales post-intervention (p < 0.05). No significant associations were found between the personality traits and self-care except for neuroticism, which appeared to be an essential moderating variable.

Conclusion: An online MBI significantly impacted health professionals’ ability to care for themselves, despite their personality styles.

Contribution: The impact of an online MBI on HCPs’ self-care during the most intense time of stress and with a cohort of people known to be the most vulnerable to stress, namely those with neuroticism to date, has not been commented on.


Keywords

coping mechanisms; health professionals; mindfulness; personality; self-care; healthcare professionals; COVID-19.

Sustainable Development Goal

Goal 3: Good health and well-being

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