Original Research

Brunel mood scale: South African norm study

Charles H Van Wijk
South African Journal of Psychiatry | Vol 17, No 2 | a265 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajpsychiatry.v17i2.265 | © 2011 Charles H Van Wijk | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 06 August 2010 | Published: 01 June 2011

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Charles H Van Wijk, Private practice, South Africa

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Objective: The Brunel Mood Scale (BRUMS) has proved useful to assess mood states in a range of clinical settings. Its local utility is restricted by the lack of normative data from South Africa. This paper presents preliminary normative data for the use of the BRUMS in the South African health care setting.

Method: Participants (N=2200), ranging from 18 to 59 years, employed in the public sector, and were recruited during routine occupational health surveillance, completed the 24-item self-report BRUMS. They came from all South African race and language groups, and from all nine provinces.

Results: Significant differences were found between the scores of women and men, and their results are reported separately. Due to the language dependant nature of the BRUMS, results are also reported separately for respondents with English as first language, and those who have other South African languages as mother tongue. Norm tables with T-scores are presented for the full sample, and per gender X language groups.

Conclusion: This study presents normative data for a sample of educated and employed South Africans from various backgrounds. Its brevity, and provisionally language friendly nature makes it a useful measure for screening psychological distress in the SA clinical health care context.


mood; screening; depression; anger; fatigue; confusion


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Crossref Citations

1. Influence of Item Sequence on Transient Mood Assessment
Charles H. van Wijk, Jarred H. Martin
Psychological Reports  vol: 112  issue: 1  first page: 202  year: 2013  
doi: 10.2466/03.02.28.PR0.112.1.202-209