Original Research

HIV seropositivity in patients with first-episode psychosis

S Mashaphu, D L Mkize
South African Journal of Psychiatry | Vol 13, No 3 | a22 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajpsychiatry.v13i3.22 | © 2007 S Mashaphu, D L Mkize | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 02 October 2007 | Published: 01 August 2007

About the author(s)

S Mashaphu, Department of Psychiatry, Nelson Mandela School of Medicine, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa
D L Mkize, Department of Psychiatry, Nelson Mandela School of Medicine, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa

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Abstract

Background. In order to gauge the impact of the HIV epidemic on psychotic disorders, the magnitude and causal direction of the association between HIV infection and psychosis need to be examined closely.

Objective. To determine the HIV seropositivity rate among adult patients presenting with first-episode psychosis (FEP) to Town Hill Hospital in Pietermaritzburg, KwaZulu-Natal.

Design. A cross-sectional, point-prevalence study was done over a 6-month period.

Results. Of the 63 FEP patients in the study, 48 tested HIV- negative and 15 tested positive, giving a seroprevalence rate of 23.8%.

Conclusion. The prevalence of HIV seropositivity is high among patients with FEP.


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