Original Research

Depressive symptoms and marital adjustment among primary care patients with erectile dysfunction in Umuahia, Nigeria

Nwaonu C. Nwakanma, John N. Ofoedu
South African Journal of Psychiatry | Vol 22, No 1 | a979 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajpsychiatry.v22i1.979 | © 2016 Nwaonu C. Nwakanma, John N. Ofoedu | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 26 February 2016 | Published: 19 August 2016

About the author(s)

Nwaonu C. Nwakanma, Department of Psychiatry, Federal Medical Centre, Umuahia, Nigeria
John N. Ofoedu, Department of Family Medicine, Federal Medical Centre, Umuahia, Nigeria


Share this article

Bookmark and Share

Abstract

Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between erectile dysfunction (ED), marital adjustment and depression.
Methods: The survey was conducted among primary care patients at Federal Medical Centre, Umuahia. Subjects were 678 married, male primary care patients; aged 20–70 years (mean age = 45 years). ED was assessed by International Index of Erectile Function 5 (IIEF-5) score, the presence of clinically significant depressive symptoms was assessed with the 5-item
version of the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), and marital adjustment was assessed with the Revised Dyadic Adjustment Scale (RDAS).
Results: The prevalence of probable depression by CES-D and ED by IIEF-5 score was 20.9% and 26.0%, respectively. Marital distress was rampant (62.0%) among subjects with ED (p < 0.05, χ2 = 196.58). Erectile dysfunction was associated with marital adjustment (p < 0.05). Partial correlation revealed that depression affects both ED and marital adjustment, and is closely related to both variables.
Conclusion: Partner involvement and screening for depression should be emphasised in the care of patients with ED.


Keywords

erectile dysfunction; marital satisfaction; depression

Metrics

Total abstract views: 601
Total article views: 809


Crossref Citations

No related citations found.