Original Research

Depressive symptoms and marital adjustment among primary care patients with erectile dysfunction in Umuahia, Nigeria

Nwaonu C. Nwakanma, John N. Ofoedu
South African Journal of Psychiatry | Vol 22, No 1 | a979 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajpsychiatry.v22i1.979 | © 2016 Nwaonu C. Nwakanma, John N. Ofoedu | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 26 February 2016 | Published: 19 August 2016

About the author(s)

Nwaonu C. Nwakanma, Department of Psychiatry, Federal Medical Centre, Umuahia, Nigeria
John N. Ofoedu, Department of Family Medicine, Federal Medical Centre, Umuahia, Nigeria


Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between erectile dysfunction (ED), marital adjustment and depression.
Methods: The survey was conducted among primary care patients at Federal Medical Centre, Umuahia. Subjects were 678 married, male primary care patients; aged 20–70 years (mean age = 45 years). ED was assessed by International Index of Erectile Function 5 (IIEF-5) score, the presence of clinically significant depressive symptoms was assessed with the 5-item
version of the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), and marital adjustment was assessed with the Revised Dyadic Adjustment Scale (RDAS).
Results: The prevalence of probable depression by CES-D and ED by IIEF-5 score was 20.9% and 26.0%, respectively. Marital distress was rampant (62.0%) among subjects with ED (p < 0.05, χ2 = 196.58). Erectile dysfunction was associated with marital adjustment (p < 0.05). Partial correlation revealed that depression affects both ED and marital adjustment, and is closely related to both variables.
Conclusion: Partner involvement and screening for depression should be emphasised in the care of patients with ED.


erectile dysfunction; marital satisfaction; depression


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Crossref Citations

1. Effects of major depression and bipolar disorder on erectile dysfunction: a two-sample mendelian randomization study
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